What is the e-Naira?
The e-Naira is simply Nigeria’s digital currency. The e-Naira is also called a CBDC, which means Central Bank Digital Currency. It’s the Naira but digital. The e-Naira is not a crypto-currency, but it uses technology for digital currencies.
Why the e-Naira?
The eNaira will enable direct remittance payments between Nigerians within and outside of the country. The launch of the e-Naira also means Nigeria would be the first African nation to publicly issues its own CBDC.
The Introduction of the e-Naira means payments would be faster, another big deal is the fact that the e-Naira is going to be cheaper for the CBN and the users, for the CBN – They don’t have to deal with the logistics of printing and moving Naira notes, for the users it means no transaction fees between wallets unlike when bank account holders try to send money from one bank to another and are charged a fee for the transaction
When would the e-Naira launch?
The e-Naira is set to launch on the 1st of October, Nigeria’s independence day.
Who is making the e-Naira?
Global fintech company, Bitt, is partnering with the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) to roll out the e-Naira.
In his official statement, Chief Executive Officer of Bitt, Brian Popelka, said “Bitt is proud to partner with the Central Bank of Nigeria to launch the first live retail CBDC in the largest economy in Africa. We’re especially proud to do so in a country that’s well known for its fintech leadership.
Digitizing the Naira will benefit the entire Nigerian financial ecosystem. The financial and humanitarian benefits that our technology offers will be transformative, especially in the lives of those 50 million unbanked Nigerians.”
In choosing Bitt Inc, the CBN will rely on the company’s tested and proven digital currency experience, which is already in circulation in several Eastern Caribbean Countries. Bitt Inc. was key to the development and successful launch of the central bank digital currency (CBDC) pilot of the Eastern Caribbean Central Bank (ECCB) in April 2021.
Who is Bitt.inc?
Bitt is a Financial Technology company that utilizes blockchain and distributed ledger technology to facilitate secure peer-to-peer transactions with seamless mobile money across a suite of Bitt’s Software and Mobile Applications.
Why did CBN select Bitt Inc?
“The CBN’s selection of Bitt Inc, from among highly competitive bidders, was hinged on the company’s technological competence, efficiency, platform security, interoperability, and implementation experience.
“In choosing Bitt Inc, the CBN will rely on the company’s tested and proven digital currency experience, which is already in circulation in several Eastern Caribbean Countries. Bitt Inc. was key to the development and successful launch of the central bank digital currency (CBDC) pilot of the Eastern Caribbean Central Bank (ECCB) in April 2021,” the CBN said.
Where do you save your e-Naira?
The e-Naira would be housed in what the CBN calls a “Speed wallet.”
Anyone who does not have a bank account can use the “Speed Wallet.” Users must, however, provide a passport photo, their name, birth date and place, a phone number, and their address.
According to the CBN, the Speed wallet isn’t in competition with existing banks but another means of transaction until a time where other banks can plug into the digital wallet with their own infrastructure or technology. The Speed wallet has 3-Tiers.
Tier 1 of Speed wallet (Basic)
Sending & Receiving e-Naira has a fifty-thousand Naira limit, with the minimum requirement to using a Tier 1 wallet being a phone number that will be validated as the individual’s National Identity Number (NIN). A cumulative balance of three hundred thousand Naira is fixed each day.
Tier 2 of Speed wallet.
Users of Tier Two wallets must have an existing Nigerian bank account. The user is limited to sending and receiving 200,000 Naira per day, with a daily Cumulative Balance of 500,000 Naira. The minimum requirement for this level is a Bank Verification Number (BVN).
Tier 3 of Speed wallet.
Tier three allows for a million Naira in daily transactions and a daily cumulative balance of five million Naira. To be eligible, you must have at least a BVN. Those with this merchant level can send and receive a million Naira per day. A merchant, on the other hand, can deposit as much money as they want into their bank accounts.
In context, the Central Bank also stated that neither Merchants nor Customers who use the wallet will be charged a fee.
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